This is a review of Lucas Kello’s The Virtual Weapon and International Order (Yale University Press, 2017):
The questions that Kello’s proposals raise simply prove his point about the need for interdisciplinary discussions to tackle the multifaceted challenges that cybersecurity poses. The book’s three-part typology of technological revolution will be particularly helpful in framing future discussions of cybersecurity both within and outside of international relations. And it can also be deployed to assess future technological developments. As Kello notes, “the distinguishing feature of security affairs in the current epoch is not the existence of a revolution condition but the prospect that it may never end” (257). Cyberweapons are today’s revolution, but tomorrow will surely bring another.
A team of security researchers—which majorly focuses on finding clever ways to get into air-gapped computers by exploiting little-noticed emissions of a computer’s components like light, sound and heat—have published another research showcasing that they can steal data not only from an air gap computer but also from a computer inside a Faraday cage.
Fascinating research for sure. If you happen to be one of the few working in an environment where air-gapping and Faraday cages are common, this highlights that they are not 100% effective in isolation (no pun intended). This is a reminder of the value of good security hygiene, physical and analog and digital, and occasional validation of assumptions.
For the other 99.999% of security professionals, there are more practical and pragmatic risks requiring addressing with a higher return on investment. This is a reminder of the value of good security hygiene, physical and analog and digital, and occasional validation of assumptions.
After I read, Chris Hadnagy’s book, Social Engineering: The Art of Human Hacking I realized that it’s more than just a red team activity. In fact Wikipedia has multiple entries on the topic. It’s not just security focused. It’s also political. Reading the book it’s even more than that. Sales and marketing people use social engineering. In fact, we all do it, to varying degrees. Some better than others. The book is focused on red teaming for social engineering. A lot of those concepts, though, I could easily apply and even provide examples of doing on a day-to-day basis.
This is the gist of Tim’s upcoming workshop, Social Engineering for the Blue Team, at Converge & Bsides Detroit May 10-12 2018. Give his post a read and provide him with your feedback. Tim’s a great presenter and speaker, so it is worth your time.
Here’s how much time a single American spends on social media and TV in a year:
608 hours on social media
1642 hours on TV
Wow. That’s 2250 hours a year spent on TRASH. If those hours were spent reading instead, you could be reading over 1,000 books a year!
The numbers are compelling. Arguably, even if one reads within one’s own bubble they will be exposed to thoughts and ideas outside of their preconceived notions simply because no one is 100% dogmatic in exactly the same way.
The impetus for the article is this quote from Warren Buffet, very much de rigueur:
Read 500 pages like this every day. That’s how knowledge works. It builds up, like compound interest. All of you can do it, but I guarantee not many of you will…
I’m on board. While it may seem obvious I will say it anyway: You don’t have to read. Audio books are just as good though harder to underline meaningful passages.
My path and recommendation to you, Dear Reader, is a bit different: Reduce the number of books per year but add in reading the capital-N News daily.
My big change is moving my news consumption to the evening once I arrive home. I find I get too wound up/depressed/angry when I read the News in the morning, thus ruining my day. Tech news, security news, and bits I need for work I read anytime.
I’ve been trying to figure out why the U.S. government thought it was useful to attribute the “WannaCry” attack to North Korea …
… I must be missing something here. Probably what I am missing is that the public attribution sends an important signal to the North Koreans about the extent to which we have penetrated their cyber operations and are watching their current cyber activities. But that message could have been delivered privately, and it does not explain why the United States delayed public attribution at least six months after its internal attribution, and two months after the U.K. had done so publicly. Perhaps the answer to the delay question, and another thing I am missing, is that the public attribution is part of larger plan related to a planned attack on North Korea because of its nuclear threat. Bossert’s unconvincing op-ed and incoherent press conference wouldn’t support either interpretation; and if either interpretation is right, it still comes at a cost to general deterrence. But perhaps, surely, hopefully, there is more here than meets the eye.
This WannaCry Attribution was a head scratcher for me, too. Listeners of the late lamented PVC Security podcast know that I am generally not a fan of attribution, or more specifically see only limited real life usefulness for 97% of companies’ and individuals’ security. For governments, intelligence agencies, the military, and law enforcement there is more value, but how much value so far after the fact?
This piece by Jack Goldsmith lays out pretty much every issue I have with this plus provides something of a timeline for those for whom this is ancient history (in security terms, anyway).
I am a big fan of planning for “the Big Dark”, where the power is out for more than 3 days. Analog systems, like printed and hand-written records, will be more useful.
Remember: Emergency preparedness isn’t only for you. it is also so others can contact you when something bad happens to them.
There are drawbacks, mostly around family dynamics this article assumes are moot when emergencies happen.
Note: These are my recommendations. Your mileage may vary. I look forward to constructive input on how best to prepare in the digital age.
Keep an off-line list of emergency info & numbers with you
There was a time where people either knew important numbers and information or carried a address book – a printed out, dead tree address book – and a much of change to use a pay phone (remember those?) to call people. We need to embrace at least a subset of that.
Your health insurance information should be in here. Insurance providers, policy information, doctors information, and maybe prescriptions information should be included.
In certain countries you may need your ID number as well (though US residents should NOT carry their Social Security card or number).
How about this: keep the numbers of your family and close friends in case your phone dies. I could not call anyone except my children if my phone failed, and they don’t often answer their phones – especially from an unknown caller.
As I’m living in a foreign country I carry a card or two that I can use to get me home. In case you’re traveling, disoriented, or inebriated having a card or two to help you get home can be a life saver.
Carry a bit of cash with you, too, in your wallet.
Keep an off-line list of emergency info & numbers at home
This should be a superset of what you carry with you. Your actual cards and birth certificates and stuff (if they are not in a safe deposit box already) should be in a ready-to-carry locked fireproof box in case of emergency. Bank account information, other financial records, and whatever else needed to rebuild after a disaster should be in here.
Throw some currency in the box, too. While it is in there it isn’t working for you, gaining interest or buying food. But if the power goes out no credit or debit card will help. Having cash will help.
I’ve used the Do Not Disturb feature in iOS since it was introduced. This feature allows you to set “quiet times” when your device won’t alert you with notifications, including phone calls and text messages. It can be activated manually or set to activate at recurring times. I have my set to activate from 10:00 p.m. – 6:00 a.m. each day, mainly to avoid “wrong number” calls at all hours of the night.
You have always been able to set a specific group of people you want to exclude from the Do Not Disturb settings. This can be a group you designate in your Contacts or your iPhone’s Favorites list. For years I’ve created a contacts group called “VIP” that I had excluded from Do Not Disturb that included family and a few close friends and other important numbers. While this is handy, it may not cover everyone you want to be able to reach you in the event of an urgent matter. With iOS 10, you have more granular control and can now set contacts on an individual basis to bypass the Do Not Disturb Settings.
To activate the feature select the contact card you want to exclude, edit the contact and select ringtone. At the top of the ringtone menu you’ll now see a toggle for “Emergency Bypass”.
I am not sure if Android offers a similar feature.
[Android] Use Google’s Trusted Contacts App
Trusted Contacts runs on top of a pretty simple concept, with the tap of a button an approved list of people can request your location from wherever they may be. Users will need to manually approve who can request their location, and once a request is sent, the user will have 5 minutes to approve or decline the request before the app automatically approves and sends it.
This app takes things up a notch as well by adding offline support, in a sense. If a user heads outside of active cell service and internet access, the app will report the last known location for that user 5 minutes after a request is sent. Contacts can also “walk each other home,” virtually. This essentially enables one user to keep track of another user’s location as a live feed.
… Before you can share your location, though, you first have to go through the process of adding contacts to the application…
How to add contacts:
Open the Trusted Contacts application
If this is the first time setting up the application, Trusted Contacts will walk you through adding contacts
To set up new contacts, either tap on the Add contacts button found at the bottom of the home screen or open the menu by selecting the Menu button in the upper left-hand side of the screen and tap on the Add contacts option
Here you can search through the contacts on your device and select Add next to the individual to send them an invitation to be a trusted contact
Basically take a picture of contact information and make it your device’s lock screen. Tailor the content to provide what is needed without going overboard. Imagine you are passed out on the sidewalk and the only thing people can get to is your phone’s lock screen. What is the critical information you can provide on there that doesn’t open you up to identity theft?
I find this more useful than the login banner message most devices support. One doesn’t have to wait for the message to scroll, where almost all users put the contact email or phone number.
What other things, simple and inexpensive and effective, that folks should do?